Incisa Scapaccino, land of marquises, heroes and...sanctuaries...
The Municipality of Incisa Scapaccino, so called since 1928 (previously it was Incisa Belbo), in honor of the native Giovanni Battista Scapaccino, first medal to the military merit of the Carabinieri corp, looks like a quiet town where a tourist can enjoy the relaxation of the place, the good food and the sweetness of the landscape.
Pin of the Incisa economy is agriculture: fruit crops (apples and peaches), horticultural crops (soybeans, beets, white hunchback cardoon, excellent with “bagna cauda”), wineries, with the presence of numerous companies of high national and international level.
Industrial activity is also very flourishing: there are workshops that produce numerical control machines, precision lathes and tin materials, glazing companies, water purifiers, road pavements and concrete.
The town covers an area of 20.70 km² and has a population of about 2200 inhabitants.
It is about 26 km from the provincial capital, Asti.
The history of the village is a thousand-year-old since the first documents mentioning Incisa date back to the second half of the 10th century.
The Marquisate of Incisa began in 1161 when Alberto Del Vasto completed the purchase of the castle.
Property in the medieval period then passed to the most powerful Marquisate of the territory, that of Monferrato, and finally again to the Marquisate of Incisa thanks to Domicella, widow of Alberto Del Vasto, who recovered the domain thanks to the support of the city of Asti.
Marquisate of Incisa will lose its autonomy in 1514 by the hands of the Marquis Guglielmo IX of Monferrato: the siege of the castle is still commemorated in the month of July with the manifestation Incisa 1514.
In the middle of the seventeenth century the territory was plundered by Spaniards, French and Savoy; it was reunited with the Kingdom of Sardinia at the end of the seventeenth century.
From then on, the history of Incisa coincides with the history of the Kingdom of Sardinia first and then of unitary Italy.
Incisa Scapaccino is home to the Comunità Collinare Vigne & Vini, a union of municipalities established with the aim of promoting the development of the territory and improving the services provided to the community.
Food and wine and typical products.
As anticipated, fruit crops (apples and peaches), horticultural crops (soybeans, beets, white hunchback cardoon, excellent with “bagna cauda”) and vine-growing (Barbera vine) are particularly thriving.
Opportunities to appreciate the delicacies of the area are the Festival of Hunchback Cardoon, Barbera and Friciula (Sagra del Cardo Gobbo, della Barbera e della Friciula), scheduled for the second Sunday of October, and the Truffle Fair, also in October.
To be seen.
Of the ancient medieval castle of Incisa, probably built in the eleventh century, today only a tower remains; part of the material obtained from the destruction of the fortress was reused for the construction of civil houses and for the parish church of Saints Vittore e Corona, erected in the eighteenth century.
In Piazza San Giovanni we find instead the New Castle (Castello Nuovo), a twentieth century palace, in neo-Gothic style, with a portal and double row of windows of particular interest.
Also, worth seeing are the Sanctuary of Madonna del Carmine, built at the beginning of the fifteenth century, the Serbelloni Busca Palace, which now houses the Town Hall, and the Church of Saint Giovanni Battista.
The Church of Saint Giovanni Battista is the first sanctuary in Italy dedicated to Virgo Fidelis, patron saint of the Carabinieri.
Here, on February 15, 1802, Giovanni Battista Scapaccino was christened.