Found in the village of Teglole superiores, whose castrum depended in ancient times on the bishop of Pavia, its origin dates back to the 11th-12th centuries.
It had parochial functions and attached cemetery.
Church and site appear in the land registers in 1507. The development of the concentric of Tigliole ended up isolating the cult building, today immersed in the open countryside about 1 km east of the town.
It is a Romanesque church with a rectangular plan belonging to the characteristic group of the "monferrato" churches, as confirmed by the original wall of the apse, with the typical bichromatic texture.
The semicircular apse is rotated a few degrees from the axis of the classroom, to symbolize the reclining head of Christ on the cross.
The façade is in exposed brick, while the apse preserves the division into three parts of different colors. The interior, with a single nave, has walls plastered partially in exposed brick.
The floor is in terracotta. After the accurate yields started in 1982, the building has returned to its former glory. Today it hosts exhibitions and cultural events.
• Plan: rectangular classroom with semicircular apse.
• Coverings: on two pitches on the classroom, on a semicone layer on the apse; on wooden structures. Mantle of coppi.
• Vaults or attics: cross vault on the classroom, a barrel on the presbytery, a semicircle on the apse.
• Murar techniques: sack masonry, alternating bands of blocks of stone and bricks (partly in the apse); of bricks arranged in various textures.
• Floors: terracotta tiles.
• External decorations: monolithic hanging arches of tufa, pilasters and capitals of carved stone (apse); fragments of crowns to brick hanging arches (side walls).
• Internal decorations: pilasters, stucco frames.
• Furnishings: none.
• Undergroud structures: square ossuary with a barrel vault under the hall.
Building oriented to a rectangular plan classroom (length 14.25 m, average width 4.80 m) and with a semicircular apse of internal radius equal to 1.90 m. Axial inlet on the façade; in the south side two doors, one of which is padded.
On the north side a buffered door is placed towards the apse. Sack masonry, average thickness 0.70 m; external facing in alternating (partial) stone and brick (apse); of bricks arranged in various textures (side walls); plastered facade.
The double-sloping roof extends over the protruding buttresses of the apsidal wall and presumably rests on wooden trusses. Conical seed flap on the apse. Mantle of tiles.
A hut, bounded by slightly protruding angular pilasters.
A frame of bricks modeled with stucco crown the salients. Masonry plastered with cement plaster; the areas where it has fallen reveal a well-made masonry, with fine-grained bricks, many of which have a scratched surface with a herringbone pattern.
It is interesting to note how these scratches of the brick facing were carried out in place.
In fact, even in mortar joints there are signs left by the instrument used to "scratch" the bricks. The mortar is kneaded very carefully and is of excellent quality: the joints are "styled" with the tip of the trowel, and the groove obtained is painted red.
The portal is jutting out and rectangular, with a brick frame. The rectangular door rests on a step and has the architrave and smooth jambs covered with cement; above it is a lunette with a round arch and a ring of curly stone stones.
The whole is comprised of a further six-sided arch, carried by two columns on stone bases, by means of two parallelepipeds in whose lower edge two capitals are just sketched.
A protruding brick base stops at the door and the corner pilasters and runs along the sides of the building.
• South side
Bordered by two pilasters, the right one connects it with the protruding buttress of the transversal apse.
Basement of bricks, resting on stones, which is interrupted at a rectangular door (stone step) and a jutting portal with a buffered opening.
The latter has a round arch in tufa ashlars in a double ring, the innermost is supported by two tufaceous blocks, engraved with symbols and figures.
The upper part of this portal, on the right, has been chipped away for the opening of one of the three large rectangular windows placed at 2.50 m from the base. A smaller and quadrangular window opens at the presbytery.
At the top there are four single lancet windows with a round arch with brick segments, now buffered. Fragment of frieze to brick hanging arches on shaped dentils. The masonry has anologue characteristics of the facade one.
The bricks are of excellent quality, with a well-squared edge and a scratched face, also with a "herringbone" pattern.
The mortar bill is excellent and they form a homogeneous whole with the bricks: it is in fact noted that the damage caused by the instability in progress fractures the mortar beds with clean cuts, as if they were a stone material.
There are traces of red colored styling. In some parts of the part, which are denoted as shots of the masonry, the stencils are painted in ocher: The masonry is rather homogeneous, but the bricks mostly differ in size, color and arrangement. In particular, in the central part of the wall, between the jutting portal and the other door, the bricks are arranged at the head. Some of them are obtained by splitting into several parts a medium brick (they are shorter than the head of the brick).
Also in this stretch of masonry, in a double row the bricks are arranged in a herringbone pattern, the mortar beds are styled and colored with ocher yellow. The whole wall is sometimes crossed by rows of schistose stone. The masonry of the left jamb of the presbytery window, with schistose and low stones alternating with bricks, extends vertically up to the remaining crowning of hanging arches.
On its left the masonry has the same characteristics as the rest of the wall, with traces of styling; on the right it is rather confused and is not drawn up.
The protruding apse buttress has in its innermost part the joints of mortar and bricks mostly recovered, some scratches, others with raised edge, others black and glassy. In the most external part the bricks are dark red.
Semicircular bounded by two pilasters that join the jutting base; it is divided into three parts by a narrow pilastered lace pilastered by a semi-column of stone, now very corroded.
The central position of each pattern is a double-splayed single-lancet window with three folds; jambs and round arch each made into a monolith. The central and north windows are plugged.
The masonry is inferiorly to alternate applications of brick and stone, partly taken up badly with cement mortar; the bricks are graffiti, also to «herringbone. The mortar beds are thin and styled and colored with ocher.Among the mullioned windows, the masonry has only some stone inserted, the bricks are dark red, some glazed and blacks, mostly arranged in the head.The mortar joints are badly tucked and the styling is coarse.
Above the windows the bricks are more recent, the mortar joints are almost completely eroded. Missing parts of the face. Coronation of hanging arches made each in a single block of stone and resting on stone corbels, partly missing; gimme in throat in stone blocks, on which rest the roof tiles.
Two rows of bricks, in the lower one arranged in «saw teeth», are included between the crown with hanging arches and the capstone.
• North prospectus
Bordered by the angular pilaster of the façade and by two pilasters leaning against the apsidal buttress, very protruding.
A brick pilaster divides the wall into two fields, in each of which, on top, is a narrow single-lancet window with brick arches. In the fields towards the apse, a remnant of brick hanging arches.
Near the apsidal buttress there is a buffered door with a crescent arch and a double ring, the outer one with tufa blocks, the other with shaped bricks; the mortar is drawn. A frame formed by two rows of bricks projecting from eaves to the wall
Masonry of bricks with rather uniform courses: the bricks are arranged one of fascia and one of head; their surfaces are not scratched, but present as an impressed texture (perhaps the relief of a straw mat).
Many bricks have a raised edge around the perimeter and do not end at sharp edges. Traces of styling, as previously mentioned, are found in the joints of the brick segments of the arch of the buffered door and in the wall on the left of the overhead tamponed monofora.
It differs from the rest of the masonry a part of the wall adjacent to the right hand side; 2.20 m long and 1.90 m high, it is composed of rows of bricks (graffiti, arranged head and band) alternating with rows of schistose stone. The mortar has a thickness of 1.5-2 cm and the mixture is rich in gravel.
The styling is very corroded. In the apsidal buttress and in the parasta adjacent to it the lower part is similar to the rest of the wall; from the height of 1.40 m up the bricks are instead of dark red color, graffiti and with sharp edges.
A single nave, divided into three spans with transverse arches, supported by three pairs of plastered brick pilasters, leaning against the side walls and resting on bases. Each span is covered by a cross vault, a lowered sixth, of bricks in sheet, supported at the points of discharge by sections of frame that act as abacus and that flank the capitals of the pilasters; these times are today partly collapsed.
The windows on the south side, with pronounced spurts, wooden lintels, are centered in each of the three sides of the wall. A quadrangular window opens onto the presbytery, raised one step from the floor of the classroom.
In it the longitudinal axis of the hall rotates a few degrees to the north. The barrel vault that covers it rises towards the transverse arch that connects it with the apse. This arch, about one meter thick, has the tax underlined by a frame and is connected to the apse, lower and narrower, through the triumphal arch, with a round-shaped intrados and raised upper part.
In the apse, covered by a plastered semicircular vault, only one of the three mullioned windows is visible, the central one and the north one being buffered.
In the classroom, next to the presbytery step, a trapdoor opens into the floor, allowing access to an almost square, underground compartment with a barrel vaulted ceiling that recalls the supporting walls. Fund submerged by debris of various kinds.
Parallelepiped of masonry plastered and flanked by two uneven wooden door frames.