Century-old oak and natural monument of the Val Sarmassa Special Natural Reserve.
• Val Sarmassa Special Natural Reserve
The Val Sarmassa Special Natural Reserve, established by Regione Piemonte in 1993 and subsequently expanded, covers an area of over 230 hectares between the municipalities of Vinchio, Vaglio Serra and Incisa Scapaccino.
From the geological point of view it is part of the Ligurian-Piedmontese Tertiary Basin, with soils belonging to the Lugagnano Clays of the Lower Pliocene (deep marine deposits with paleontological presence of mollusks, plants, corals and crabs) and to the Sands of Asti of the Middle Pliocene (deposit formed by the slow lifting of the seabed with a rich presence of fossils, from the shells to the whales).
The Reserve includes hills and valleys with forests of chestnuts, chestnuts and oaks, of which a secular specimen, called “La Ru”, is the natural monument of the Reserve.
The undergrowth is populated by hawthorns, dog roses, honeysuckles, wild blackthorns and flowers like primroses, anemones, lilies of the valley, cornflowers, violets and even purple orchids.
In the woods live weasels, badgers, squirrels, baby octopuses, hares, foxes, hedgehogs, wild boars and now even roe deer. In the pristine Blue Lake pond small amphibians develop.
The Reserve is the ideal habitat for green and red peaks, hoopoes, titmice, jays, magpies and bee-eaters. There are also birds of prey such as buzzards, kestrels, owls.
In the Reserve there are recommended itineraries and picnic areas and educational activities are carried out with schools.
The festival of the Reserve is the last Saturday of August with an event called Ulysses on the hills.
Possibility to take advantage of guided tours in the Reserve.